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Thursday, December 14th, 2017 03:45 PM

ZERO is older than thought – Carbon Dating Unmask its Cryptic Origin!

ZERO is older than thought – Carbon Dating Unmask its Cryptic Origin!Art & Culture


ZERO – the base of mathematics and ORIGIN of ZERO – Mysterious Knot of Mathematics has always puzzled experts since ages with many untenable answers for its origin.

 Apparently, Scientist finally has discovered evidence of the Symbol in the Indian Bakhshali manuscript.

The Indian Bakhshali manuscript is a mathematical text discovered in 1881 by a farmer. But later the manuscript was buried in Bakhshali village, near Pakistan which belongs to Pakistan region. But now the script has been housed in Bodley Library at the University of Oxford since 1902.

Now Scientist has traced the origin of Zero which is considered as one of the biggest progressive investigation in the history of the mathematical world.

According to the text housed in that manuscript and its revelation, zero origin is the world’s oldest recorded origin that we use today.

Talking about this development, Marcus Du Sautoy, professor of mathematics at the University of Oxford said that today we are so dependent on the zero but there was a time when this number didn’t even exist. “Today we take it for granted that the concept of zero is used across the globe and our whole digital world is based on nothing or something. But there was a moment when there wasn’t this number,” he was quoted as saying by The Guardian.

According to the Bakhshali manuscript when translated into text, notified that initially the script language was used as a training manual for merchants trading across the Silk Road.

Now everyone knows that it was in the 3rd century that scholars planted the seed of dot which further got blossomed into a tree that later became so fundamental to the modern world.

‘The findings show how vibrant mathematics has been in the Indian sub-continent for centuries.’

Speaking about the case study and revelation, Carbon dating indicates that the manuscript dates from as early as 3rd century – which is again 5 centuries older than previously believed origin statistics.

With the disclosure of latest discovery, it over raised a curtain over the manuscript on the wall of Gwalior, Madhya Pradesh which was considered as the oldest example of Zero written in the 9th century.

The ZERO symbol which is the bedrock of Mathematical world has been evolved from a dot that can be seen in an entire manuscript of Bakhshali.


Initially, ZERO was never used independently on its own rather the dot was the ‘placeholder’ to indicate the magnitude orders in the number system.

For example: In 101, ZERO signifies the lack of tens place in the given unit.

The dot having a hollow center was considered as ZERO firstly in India getting a value of number symbol when Brahmagupta, an Indian astronomer, and a mathematician, wrote a text called Brahmasphutasiddhanta in the 628AD, which is the first document to discuss zero as a number.

Scientist used carbon dating technique to reveal that the manuscript, which consists of 70 fragile leaves of birch bark, is composed of material from at least three different periods.

Richard Ovenden, the librarian at the Bodley Library, which houses the manuscript, said: ‘Determining the date of the Bakhshali manuscript is of vital importance to the history of mathematics and the study of early South Asian culture and these surprising research results testify to the subcontinent’s rich and longstanding scientific tradition.’

The Bakhshali manuscript will go on public display at the Science Museum in London as a centerpiece of attraction of the major exhibition “Illuminating India: 5000 Years of Science and Innovation, opening on 4Th October 2017.




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